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环保升级促进产业发展 仪器仪表行业需求稳定增长

作者: 来源: 日期:2018-9-27 13:47:43 人气:129

2018年是全国性重点环保督查年,一场更密集、更彻底的环保风暴已经到来。在这场环保风暴中,环保设备和检测仪器企业的订单不断,业务继续被拉动。

  数据显示,2018年1~6月仪器仪表行业实现主营业务收入近4400亿元,同比增长9.8%,20个子行业中有9个同比实现两位数增长,仅教学专用仪器制造和钟表与计时仪器制造行业同比下降。实现利润总额同比增长10.83%,主营业务收入利润率为9.35%,同比提高0.57个百分点。资产总额同比增长14.4%,负债合计增长13%,所有者权益合计增长15.52%,资产负债率为43.9%,同比增加0.36个百分点。应收账款同比增长14.44%,产成品存货增长12.49%。每百元主营业务收入中的成本同比减少2.1元,每百元主营业务收入中的费用同比增长1.87元,发生主营业务成本增长9.22%。

  行业实现主营业务收入增幅低于工业领域,利润增幅更是低于工业领域6个百分点。另据海关统计,2018年1~5月仪器仪表出口总额同比增长4.8%,进口金额同比增长11%,进出口逆差近130亿美元。根据商务部发布最新数据显示,1~7月,全国设计外商投资企业同比增长99.1%,实际使用外资同比增长2.3%。其中医疗设备及仪器仪表制造业投资额同比增长达149.2%。

  工业自动化仪器仪表稳增长

  自动化分行业是仪器仪表20个分行业中占比最大的行业,营收规模占比达36%。2018年上半年工业自动化分行业经营保持稳定增长,营业收入增幅同比11.49%,但利润增幅同比仅为5.54%,对拉低行业利润增幅由较大影响。综合分析,工业自动化分行业传统服务领域通过去产能、调结构工作的深入,整体趋稳,部分服务领域新项目启动较多,市场呈上上行态势;但由于行业自身进入门槛降低,重点新产品和高附加值产品推出力度不够,在需求转好的同时大部分产品价格却呈下行态势,有可能对长远发展产生负面影响。

  根据协会掌握情况,大部分自动化分行业细分领域龙头企业的营收和利润增幅均好于分行业整体情况,企业对行业数据的感受和敏感程度差异较大。市场和技术等资源在向行业优势企业集中,行业之间,相同行业企业间的态势的明显分化,相同产品生产企业的冷暖两重天及强者更强的格局逐步显现。

  支撑工业自动化健康发展需要行业在服务流程工业与离散工业方面具备齐头并进的能力。但目前工业自动化的主要市场还是在流程工业,智能制造的主要进展和有影响力的典型项目也还是在流程工业,虽然行业企业相继完成了装备制造企业智能制造工厂解决方案、虚拟仿真、示范线MES、立体仓库、餐饮企业配套智能化等项目,但真正服务于离散工业的软、硬件产品贮备严重不足,品牌影响力弱,还难以形成规模效益,短期内对行业的拉动和支撑作用有限。

  供应用仪表运行状况一般

  上半年电工仪器仪表和供应用仪表运行状况一般,上半年营收同比增长分别为7.3%、7.34%,利润同比分别下降17%和2.41%,均低于行业水平。

  行业前景难以乐观。热力分户计量进展慢于预期,热量表的主要市场还是在热力站等工业计量领域。电能表主要是受制于国内市场国网、南网两个主要客户招标采购数量明显下降,元器件、原材料价格上涨,大部分企业都出现营收增幅收窄,利润同比下降的情况。即使是拓展海外市场进展较好的企业,也受到海外市场波动性较大,特别是相关国家货币汇率大幅波动的影响,造成营收和利润的下降。协会预测,传统水、气表市场下滑明显,智能水、气表(如物联网水表、气表,全电子式(超声、电磁等)水表)迎来发展机遇;同时以智慧公用事业整体解决方案为代表的平台技术、云技术、大数据的应用得到大面积认可及推广。

  科学仪器需求量逐渐增加

  科学仪器涉及的分行业分类较多,总计包含十二个分行业,市场需求稳定增长。在环保新政实施的大力推进下,水、气、土、固(危)废检测需求全面提升,环境监测仪器产业需求快速增长,上半年环境监测仪器分行业营收同比、利润同比双双突破两位数,分别为20.09%,31.18%。各大招标中越来越多的国产企业入围,以中科院和检验检疫为代表的高端用户对国产仪器的认识更加客观公正,有利于国产实验分析仪器在中高端领域取得点的突破。

  上半年实验分析仪器分行业营收同比增长9.3%,利润增长18.8%。光学仪器方面,行业依托在平面光学元件、生物显微镜、光学冷加工工艺等方面的长期积累,逐步在研究用显微镜、工业显微镜、生命科学仪器、智能手机光学模组、扫描仪镜头等高附加值产品方面取得突破并形成产业规模,上半年光学仪器分行业营收同比增长14.13%,利润增长19.24%。此外,钱汇娱乐出现迅猛增长,未来市场可期。

  下半年需未雨绸缪

  中国仪器仪表行业协会副理事长、重庆材料研究院有限公司董事长刘庆宾表示,经过长时间的努力,近几年部分国产品牌在国内以及国际市场的认可和接受程度在提升。以国产替代为主要目标,部分行业和企业可能会有机会,特别是科学仪器中的分析仪器、试验设备、实验室仪器、电子测量仪器(高端数字万用表、示波器、源和电源、参数分析仪、过程校准及检测仪器等)高端用户对进口仪器的依赖和大量采用的现象短时间内还不会很快改变,甚至不少基层检测机构也有采购进口仪器的势头。

  同时不能对贸易战、提高进口关税对行业的帮助过于乐观。行业企业还需共同努力,在争取给予国产仪器公平合理的政策导向和市场环境上采取行动企业家特别关注、期盼的资金面宽松问题,由于稳杠杆是货币政策的主基调,下半年的资金面难以有大的改变。企业家们必须充分做好应对资金紧张和资金成本大幅上升情况的准备,严格控制合同质量和经营性现金流量,克制扩产、重资产投资冲动,充分做好“过冬”的准备。

2018 is the year of national key environmental protection inspection, and a more intensive and thorough environmental protection storm has arrived. In this environmental storm, environmental protection equipment and testing equipment business orders continue to be pulled.

The data show that the main business income of the instrument industry in January-June 2018 was nearly 440 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8% over the same period of the same period. Nine of the 20 sub-industries achieved double-digit growth over the same period of the same period. Only the specialized teaching instrument manufacturing and the clock and timepiece manufacturing industries declined year-on-year. The total profit increased by 10.83% and the profit margin of the main business income increased by 0.57 percentage points. Total assets grew by 14.4%, total liabilities by 13%, owner's equity by 15.52%, and the ratio of assets to liabilities by 43.9%, an increase of 0.36 percentage points. Accounts receivable increased by 14.44% compared with the same period last year, and finished goods inventories increased by 12.49%. The cost per 100 yuan of main business income decreased by 2.1 yuan, the cost per 100 yuan of main business income increased by 1.87 yuan, and the main business cost increased by 9.22%.

The growth rate of the main business income of the industry is lower than that of the industrial sector, and the profit growth rate is lower than that of the industrial sector by 6 percentage points. According to customs statistics, the total export volume of instruments and meters increased by 4.8% from January to May 2018, the import value increased by 11% and the import and export deficit was nearly 13 billion US dollars. According to the latest data released by the Ministry of Commerce, from January to July, the number of foreign-funded design enterprises increased by 99.1% year-on-year, and the actual use of foreign capital increased by 2.3%. Among them, investment in medical equipment and instrumentation manufacturing increased by 149.2% over the same period last year.

Steady growth of industrial automation instrumentation

Automation sub-industry is the largest industry in the 20 sub-industries of instrumentation, accounting for 36% of revenue. In the first half of 2018, the operation of the industrial automation sub-industry maintained steady growth, with revenue growth of 11.49%, but profit growth of only 5.54% compared with the same period of the same period of the same period, which had a greater impact on reducing the profit growth of the industry. Comprehensive analysis shows that the traditional service areas of industrial automation sub-industries tend to be stable as a whole through the in-depth work of capacity removal and structural adjustment, and some new projects in the service areas start up more, and the market shows an upward trend; however, due to the lowering of the entry threshold of the industry itself, the introduction of key new products and high value-added products is insufficient, and the demand turns better. At the same time, most of the products are in a downward trend, which may have a negative impact on the long-term development.

According to the mastery of the association, the revenue and profit growth rate of most leading enterprises in the automatic sub-industry segmentation are better than the overall situation of the sub-industry, and the enterprises'perception and sensitivity to the industry data vary greatly. Market and technology resources are concentrated to the industry advantage enterprises, the situation between industries and enterprises in the same industry is obviously divided, the same product production enterprises cold and warm days and the stronger pattern gradually emerged.

Supporting the healthy development of industrial automation requires the industry to have the ability to go hand in hand with the service process industry and discrete industry. At present, the main market of industrial automation is still in the process industry, and the main progress and influential typical projects of intelligent manufacturing are still in the process industry. Although the industry enterprises have successively completed the intelligent manufacturing factory solution, virtual simulation, demonstration line MES, three-dimensional warehouse, catering enterprises supporting intelligence. However, the software and hardware products that really serve the discrete industry are seriously inadequate, the brand influence is weak, and it is difficult to form economies of scale. In the short term, the role of stimulating and supporting the industry is limited.

Supply meters operate in general condition.

In the first half of the year, the operation of electrical instruments and supply instruments was in general. In the first half of the year, revenue increased by 7.3% and 7.34% respectively, while profits decreased by 17% and 2.41%, respectively, which were lower than the industry level.

Industry outlook is not optimistic. The progress of household heat metering is slower than expected, and the main market of heat meters is still in the field of industrial metering such as thermal power stations. Watt-hour meters are mainly subject to the domestic market, the two main customers bidding and purchasing power grid declined significantly, components, raw materials prices rose, most enterprises have narrowed revenue growth, profits fell year-on-year situation. Even companies that have made better progress in expanding their overseas markets are subject to greater volatility in overseas markets, especially the large fluctuations in the exchange rates of the currencies of the countries concerned, resulting in a decline in revenue and profits. The Association predicts that the market of traditional water and gas meters is declining significantly, and intelligent water and gas meters (such as water meters and gas meters in the Internet of Things, and all-electronic (ultrasonic, electromagnetic) water meters) will have an opportunity to develop. At the same time, platform technology, cloud technology and the application of large data represented by the overall solution of intelligent public utilities will be widely recognized and promoted.

Demand for scientific instruments is increasing.

Scientific instruments involve a large number of sub-industries, including a total of 12 sub-industries, and the market demand has increased steadily. With the vigorous implementation of the new environmental protection policy, the demand for water, gas, soil, solid (or dangerous) waste detection has been upgraded in an all-round way, and the demand for environmental monitoring instruments industry has increased rapidly. In the first half of this year, the revenue and profit of the environmental monitoring instruments sub-industries exceeded the double digits of 20.09% and 31.18% respectively. More and more domestic enterprises are listed in the major bidding. The high-end users represented by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and inspection and Quarantine have more objective and fair understanding of domestic instruments, which is conducive to the breakthrough of domestic experimental analytical instruments in the middle and high-end fields.

In the first half of the year, the revenue of experimental analytical instruments increased by 9.3% compared with that of the previous year, and the profit increased by 18.8%. In terms of optical instruments, the industry relies on planar optics, biomicroscopy and optics.

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